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Flat ridge architecture “plumped” to achieve an attractive emergence profile for the replacement tooth with root-coverage grafting
Short, square appearance of teeth corrected by gingival sculpting to expose a full smile
These procedures are a predictable way to cover unsightly, sensitive, or exposed root surfaces and to prevent future gum recession1. If you are unhappy with the appearance of short unsightly teeth this can be greatly improved by a combination of periodontal procedures and cosmetic dentistry by our doctors.
Although your teeth appear short, they may actually be the proper length. The teeth may be covered with too much gum tissue. We can correct this by performing the periodontal plastic surgery procedure, crown lengthening.
During this procedure, excess gum and bone tissue are reshaped to expose more of the natural tooth. This can be done to more than one tooth, to even your gum line, and to create a beautiful smile.
Another cosmetic procedure is the soft tissue graft2. It is used to cover unattractive tooth roots, reduce gum recession, and protect the roots from decay and eventual loss.
Tooth loss causes the jawbone to recede and can lead to an unnatural looking indentation in your gums and jaw, an appearance of a general aging. The original look of your mouth may not be recaptured because of spaces remaining under and between replacement teeth. They may appear too long compared to nearby teeth.
Bone grafting following tooth loss can preserve the socket/ridge and minimize gum and bone collapse. There is less shrinkage and a more aesthetic tooth replacement for either a dental implant crown or fixed bridge around the replacement teeth.
Ideal Candidates for aesthetic periodontics are my have:
Why are restorative dentists increasingly recommending periodontal plastic surgery for their patients?
In recent years, the demand for cosmetic dentistry has steadily increased. This has been accompanied by higher patient expectations for an aesthetically pleasing final result. Even the finest restorative treatment can be an aesthetic disappointment if the periodontal component is not factored into the total treatment plan. With sophisticated surgical procedures, the periodontist can provide an ideal gingival frame for restorative dentistry. General dentists, prosthodontists and orthodontists are increasingly coordinating treatment with the periodontist to achieve the highest level of health, symmetry and aesthetics. Often a collaborative effort can be the difference that makes the difference in patient satisfaction.
What is the appropriate treatment sequence for aesthetic periodontal procedures?
Preprosthetic communication between the periodontist and the restorative dentist is necessary. Periodontal procedures are usually completed prior to the initiation of restorative treatment. In some cases periodontal surgery is appropriate while the patient has provisional restorations. Periodontal procedures should be completed before impressions are taken for final restorations.
What is the expected longevity of Esthetic Periodontal Surgery?
The long-term stability of periodontal plastic surgery is excellent. As with other periodontal procedures, long-term success is greatly enhanced by regular professional maintenance, effective plaque control and a stable, atraumatic occlusion.
What is periodontal plastic surgery?
These are sophisticated surgical procedures to enhance the color, contours, health and comfort of the periodontium. This often involves changing the level of the gingiva to establish the correct amount of tooth exposure. A key objective is a natural cosmetic result with little or no visual evidence that a surgical procedure has been performed.
What are the clinical indications for aesthetic periodontal procedures?
There are typically four applications for periodontal plastic surgery:
Periodontal plastic surgery can be performed on an outpatient basis with local anesthesia and some form of sedation, if necessary.
1 Cleveland Clinic. Gum recession. Available: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/22753-gum-recession.
2 WebMD. Hedy Marks. Gum tissue grafts. Available: https://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/gum-tissue-graft-surgery.
3 Pablo Santos de Oliveira, Fabio Chiarelli, José A. Rodrigues, Jamil A. Shibli, Vincenzo Luca Zizzari, Adriano Piattelli, Giovanna Iezzi, and Vittoria Perrotti. Aesthetic surgical crown lengthening procedure. Available: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4644817/.
4 Leandro Chambrone, Maria Aparecida Salinas Ortega, Flávia Sukekava, Roberto Rotundo, Zamira Kalemaj, Jacopo Buti, and Giovan Paolo Pini Prato. Root coverage procedures for treating localised and multiple recession‐type defects. Available: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6517255/.
5 H Suh. Tissue restoration, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Available: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11204819/.
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